What is Arthritis ?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the joints. Because many symptoms of RA are similar to those of a variety of other diseases, diagnosis can be difficult. A correct diagnosis requires clinical evaluation, X-rays, and a series of laboratory tests. Understanding the type of RA you have will help you and your doctor decide on a course of treatment. Click through the slides to learn about the different types of RA.
Rheumatoid Factor Positive RA
If your blood tests positive for the protein called rheumatoid factor (RF), it means your body may be actively producing an immune reaction to your normal tissues. According to the Physicians Desk Reference, your chance of developing RA is four times greater if you have first-degree relatives who test positive for RF. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, approximately 80 percent of people who have RA are RH-positive. Having the protein doesn’t necessarily mean you have RA. However, if you do, it can help doctors identify the type.
Often Confused Conditions
Autoimmune diseases share many common symptoms, making them particularly difficult to diagnose. People who have one autoimmune disorder often develop another. Some overlapping and often confused conditions include:
- Lyme disease
- chronic fatigue syndrome
Knee Arthritis is a Common Problem
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects 27 million people in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Best known as the “wear-and-tear” form of arthritis, OA breaks down cartilage between the joints, eventually causing the bones to grind together painfully. The most common type of arthritis, nearly one in two adults will develop knee OA during their lifetime. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the second most common type of arthritis, affecting around 1.5 million Americans. A systemic autoimmune disease, it mainly attacks the synovial joints: the hands and wrists, shoulders, elbows, knees, ankles, feet, and toes. RA may eventually deform or destroy the joints that it affects.
Exercise Helps Knee Arthritis
Exercising an arthritic knee may seem counter intuitive, but regular exercise can actually lessen — and even relieve — arthritis pain and other symptoms, such as stiffness and swelling.There are several reasons to exercise with knee arthritis. For example:
- Exercise maintains the joint’s full range of motion.
- Exercise strengthens the muscles that support the joint.
- Strong muscles help the joint absorb shock.
Exercise doesn’t have to be hard to be beneficial. In fact, gentle, low-impact exercises are best for knee arthritis. They minimize stress on the joint even as they increase its flexibility and strength.
what is Sciatica ?
Sciatica is a common type of pain affecting the sciatic nerve, a large nerve extending from the lower back down the back of each leg.
What Are the Symptoms of Sciatica ?
Common symptoms of sciatica include:
- Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting
- Burning or tingling down the leg
- Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot
- A constant pain on one side of the rear
- A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up