Badijamun

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Badijamun 
Latin NamesSyzygium cuminii (Linn.) Skeels syn. Eugenia jambolana Lam. (Myrtaceae)
English NamesJava plum, Jaman, Jambolan, Black plum
Sanskrit NamesJambu, Rajajambu, Mahajambu
Local NamesBadijamun, Phadena
 
History:  
According to the Dirghama Sutra it is one of the four colossal mythical trees which make the four cardinal points standing to the south of Mount Meru; four great rivers rise at its base.Dr. C. Graeser, of Bonn, in 1880’s, has published in the Central blatt fur klinische Medizin, an interesting account of a series of experiments on dogs with phloridzin-induced diabetes, with the extract of the fruit and the seeds of this plant.He concludes that the diabetes is considerably lessened by the seed extract, which is non-poisonous, and does not cause any ill effect.Distribution:
Found throughout India up to an altitude of 1,800 m.Habit:
S.cuminii is a large, evergreen tree. The bark is brown or greyish, smooth; the leaves, lanceolate, elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, gland-dotted, smooth and shiny; the flowers are greenish white, fragrant. The fruits are ellipsoid or oblong, black with pinkish juicy pulp; with single seeds.Principle constituents:
S.cuminii contains malic acid, a small quantity of oxalic acid, gallic acid and tannins.Indications:
The fruits form an ingredient of a preparation used against asthma. The seeds are hypoglycaemic. They also possess anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and antipyretic properties.Product range:
Diabecon.

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