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Investigations include:

  • Routine investigations like blood, urine and stool tests as well as X-rays.
  • An EEG is important to check whether the electrical activity of the brain is within normal limits.
  • Blood levels of brain chemicals like serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline can be done.

Treatment for hysteria

 what is Epilepsy ?


People with epilepsy tend to have recurrent seizures (fits). The seizures occur because of a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain – there is an overload of electrical activity in the brain. This causes a temporary disturbance in the messaging systems between brain cells. During a seizure the patient’s brain becomes “halted” or “mixed up”.

Every function in our bodies is triggered by messaging systems in our brain. What a patient with epilepsy experiences during a seizure will depend on what part of his/her brain that epileptic activity starts, and how widely and quickly it spreads from that area. Consequently, there are several types of seizures and each patient will have epilepsy in his/her own unique way.

The word “epilepsy” comes from the Greek word epi meaning “upon, at, close upon”, and the Greek word Leptos meaning “seizure”. From those roots we have the Old French wordepilepsie, and Latin word epilepsia and the Greek words epilepsia and epilepsies.

Epilepsy and life expectancy

The authors added that the risk is even greater if a person with epilepsy also has a mental illness.

Suicides, accidents and assaults accounted for 15.8% of early deaths. Among these 15.8%, the majority had been diagnosed with a mental disorder.

Head researcher, Seena Fazel said:

“Our results have significant public health implications, as around 70 million people worldwide have epilepsy, and they emphasize that carefully assessing and treating psychiatric disorders as part of standard checks in persons with epilepsy could help reduce the risk of premature death in these patients. Our study also highlights the importance of suicide and non-vehicle accidents as major preventable causes of death in people with epilepsy.”

Epilepsy in developing nations

The authors added that the burden of epilepsy in developing countries is “under-acknowledged by health agencies”, even though treatments for the disorder are very cost-effective.

Lead author, Charles Newton, of the Department of Psychiatry, said:


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