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Latin NameTribulus terrestris Linn. (Zygophyllaceae)
English NamesSmall caltrops, Land caltrops, Puncture vine
Sanskrit NamesGokshura, Trikanta, Shvadamshtra
Local NameGokhru
Commonly found throughout India, up to an altitude of 5,400 m.Habit:
T.terrestris is a variable, prostrate annual. The roots are slender and cylindrical, light brown and faintly aromatic. The leaves are paripinnate; the leaflets, 5-8 pairs, subequal, oblong to linear-oblong. The flowers are leaf-opposed, solitary, pale-yellow to yellow; the fruits, globose, consisting of 5-12 woody cocci, each with 2 pairs of hard, sharp, divaricate spines, one pair longer than the other. Several seeds are seen in each coccus with transverse partitions between them.Principle constituent:
It is well known diuretic plant drug useful in urolithiasis, dysurea, impotence and kidney dysfunction.Product range:
Bonnisan, Confido (Spemen forte), Diabecon, Geriforte, Renalka, Rumalaya, Speman, Menotab.

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