Lodh Tree Latin Names Symplocos racemosa Roxb. (Symplocaceae) English Names Lodh Tree Sanskrit Name Lodhra, Tilva, Shavara Hindi Name LodhHistoryThis tree, in Sanskrit, was called Lodhra, Rodhra or Srimata meaning “propitious”, and “Tilaka” because it was used in making the Tilaka mark on the forehead. A decoction of the bark was used for gargling when the gums were spongy and bleeding (Susruta). Roxburgh remarks that the bark was popular among the dyes of red in Calcutta and seemed to be used as a mordant only. In Europe it was formerly looked upon as a cinchona bark and had been known at various times as “Ecorce de lautour”, “China nova”, “China calafornica”, “China Brasilarsis”, and “China paraquatan”. It was also known as “Lotus Bark”.
It grows abundantly in the plains and lower hills throughout North and East India, ascending in the Himalayas up to an elevation of 1,400 m; southwards it extends up to Chota Nagpur.Morphology Description (Habit)
S.racemosa is an evergreen tree or shrub. The leaves are dark green above, orbicular, elliptic oblong, coriaceous and glabrous above; the flowers are white, turning yellow, fragrant, in axillary, simple or compound racemes; the drupes are purplish black, subcylindric, smooth and 1-3 seeded.
Three alkaloids, viz. loturine, loturidine and colloturine.Indications
The astringent bark is given for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery and liver complaints. It is recommended in the treatment of menorrhagia and other uterine disorders. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, bark light grey, thin, smooth; blaze creamy white. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-15 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5.5-15 x 2.5-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, base acute to attenuate, apex acute or acuminate, margin crenate-serrate, revolute, glabrous, yellow when dry, coriaceous or chartaceous; lateral nerves 7-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, glabrous; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white, in axillary simple or branched spikes, 7 cm long, pubescent; bracts solitary at the base of each pedicel; bracteoles early cauducous; calyx tube adnate to the ovary, lobes 5, minute, lobes 1 mm, triangular; corolla 1 cm across, lobes 5, ovate, 3 mm, recurved; stamens many, equal, arranged in 5 group; ovary 1 mm, inferior, globose 2-3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell, pendulous from the inner angle; style 5 mm, simple; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 8 mm across, glabrous, ampulliform, globose ribbed, purple crowned by calyx lobes; seeds 1-3, oblong.
The bark of Lodh tree used kapha, inflammation, asthma, cough, ulcers, skin diseases, arthritis, leucorrhoea, diarrhea, and skin discoloration. Lodh Tree – Benefits of Natural Healing HerbLodh Tree used from very ancient times, Lodhra is one of the most well-known remedies for diseases of women. It is astringent and cold in action. It heals wounds, allays Kapha and stops bleeding. It is useful in inflammations and swellings. It tones up the mucus membrane and hence and most famous preparation Lodhra Asava ½ oz. with equal quantity of water after principal meals given to ladies allays Pitta. Subsides excessive bleeding, normalizes he menstrual flow and is a specific for leucorrhoea. Many expert clinicians mix it with Ashokarishta, with greater effect.A combination of Lodhra Asava, Patranga Asava and Ashokarishta, mixed very well (do not shake) and given ½ oz with equal quantity of water after principal meals is a boon to weak, emaciated and debilitated women. It brings normal menstrual flow and stops excessive discharge. It relieves backache, anaemia, debility brought about by multiple child births; it tones up the uterus and the vaginal walls and stops the white discharge. Appetite increases, digestion improves, there is increase in the red blood cells and hemoglobin and, further, ladies put on weight by its use.The powder of the bark of the tree applied in the form of Lepa or sprinkled in the vagina heals local ulcers. Regularly given in the preliminary months of conception, it lessens the possibility of abortion or miscarriage.A well – known Ayurvedic formula “Supari Paka” 3-6 grams morning and evening with honey and milk along with Lodhra, after meals, is boon to a lady having secondary infertility and conception usually takes place.