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Naggarmutha or Umbrella’s Edge, Nut Grass

Latin name : Cyperus scariosus R. Br. (Cyperaceae)
Sanskrit/Indian name : Nagaramustaka, Bhadramusta, Naggarmutha
Urdu name : Nagarmotha, SadkofiGeneral information :
Umbrella’s Edge is found in the damp areas of Uttar Pradesh, as well as the Eastern and Southern parts of India. Its roots are used to make perfume and in aromatherapy. The herb’s tubers are credited with astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, desiccant, cordial and stomachic properties.Therapeutic constituents :
The tuber of Umbrella’s Edge contains an essential oil, which gives the herb its aroma.Key therapeutic benefits :

  • An herbal formulation made from the rhizome of Umbrella’s Edge is effective in treating diarrhea.
  • Umbrella’s Edge is an anti-inflammatory, central nervous system stimulant, antimicrobial and hypotensive.

Description of Cyperus scariosus:
A delicate, slender sedge. The plant produces deep brown tubers with aromatic odor.

Principal Constituents:
Steam distillation of the tubers yields 0.075-0.080% of an essential oil (Basu, loc. cit.).

Pharmacology: Intravenous administration of hydro-methanolic extract of C.scariosus (3-10mg/kg) produced hypotensive and bradycardiac effects. These effects remained unaltered in atropinized animals indicating that cardiovascular effects of the plant extract are not mediated through activation of muscarinic receptors. In the in vitro studies, it suppressed the spontaneous contractions of guinea-pig paired atria, rat uterus and rabbit jejunum in a concentration-dependent (0.1-1mg/ml) manner. It also inhibited histamine or acetylcholine-induced contractions of guinea-pig ileum indicating non-specific spasmolytic action. In rabbit aorta, it inhibited norepinephrine (10 micro M) as well as K+ (80mN)-induced contractions at similar concentrations (0.1-1mg/ml). C.scariosus has been reported to contain Ca2+ channelblocker-like constituent(s), which explained hypotensive effect observed in vivo and the general spasmolytic activity of plant explains its folkloric use in diarrhea.

The oil of C.scariosus roots was found to have potent anti-inflammatory activity in a dose of 100mg/kg intraperitonially in rats against carrageenan-induced edema, adjuvant arthritis and cotton pellet-induced inflammation. The activity of the extract was comparable with phenylbutazone 100mg/kg orally and hydrocortisone acetate 5mg/kg, intraperitonially. The activity was found to be comparable to that of hydrocortisone acetate.

The tubers are credited with astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, dessicant, cordial and stomachic properties. A decoction of the tuber is used for washing hair, treating gonorrhea and syphilis. It is also given in diarrhea and for general weakness.

 Constituents & Specifications : Cypriol oil has various chemical compounds that include cyperone, selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, kobusone and isokobusone.

Properties : 
It is digestive, carminative anti-inflammatory,, a general and nervine tonic, diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, vermifuge, hemostatic, hypotensive etc.

Benefits & Uses :

  • Cypriol oil is also used in various other ailments like fever, burning maturation, skin diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, painful menstruation, neurasthenia, general debility, kidney stones, fibromyalgia, gout and other uric acid sensitive conditions.Cypriol Essential Oil is often used in compounding perfumes, in the manufacturing of soaps, medicine and incense sticks. It is also used as an insect repellent.
  • It is used as a hair wash and treating hair and scalp disorders.

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