Women who are severely underweight during pregnancy and who are not eating enough are more likely to have a baby that is small and weak at birth, and this can have serious long-term effects on their health. unpasteurised milk Bacteriology is another common cause of food poisoning.Infections during pregnancy have been associated with premature birth,
spontaneous abortion and stillbirths. Foods most commonly milk and cheeses consumed during pregnancy are pasteurised.
Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables (at least 5 portions each day) to boost vitamin and mineral intakes whilst pregnant. Wash or peel fruit and vegetables before eating. vegetarian diet Pregnant women who are vegetarian can still enjoy a carefully planned vegetarian diet. There are many health benefits to vegetarian diets, but women who are pregnant need to take extra care to get enough of the nutrients more easily supplied in non-vegetarian diets, especially protein,
iron, zinc, and vitamin.
Vitamin K is offered to the baby after birth either orally (3 doses) or injection (1 dose) to help prevent a serious disorder called vitamin K deficiency bleeding. The rationale for this is that newborns are born with low levels of vitamin K which contributes to normal blood clotting. This leads to a decrease in vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation factors, making some newborns more susceptible to haemorrhage in the first several days of life until vitamin K is manufactured in their systems.11 Babies will produce their own vitamin K as they start
digesting milk, therefore, early and regular (or unrestricted) feeding is important.
Drink plenty of water and other fluids. Pregnant women dehydrate more quickly than normal and so drinking plenty of water and other fluids is important, especially when exercising or if the weather is hot.
Weight loss after pregnancy
Just as it’s best to put on weight slowly and steadily during your pregnancy, you need to be slow and steady in losing weight after your pregnancy. If you are breastfeeding you should not follow a weight reducing diet as this may restrict the nutrition provided to baby. A general rule for weight loss is to aim for around 1lb per week. It might not sound much, but it quickly adds up and gives the body the chance to recover and skin to gradually shrink back to pre-pregnancy size.
Wishing you a healthy and happy pregnancy
Professor Hakim Dilshad Hussain Tabassum (Gold Medalist)
Ex-member: American Infertility Association (USA)